We are in the business of water damage restoration. So, many of our conversations revolve around the negativity of water: floods, broken pipes, clogged drains, etc. But just for fun, let’s take a brief intermission from talking about water damage prevention or restoration, and talk about some interesting facts related to water that you may or may not have ever heard before.
Here are some facts about water that you may not know:
1. Water covers 70.9% of the Earth’s surface. (Source: EPA)
2. Only 2% of that water is fresh water. 98% of the water on Earth is salt water. (Source: Snapple Lid & the EPA)
3. The water found at the Earth’s surface in lakes, rivers, streams, ponds, and swamps makes up only 0.3% of the world’s fresh water. (Source: EPA)
4. 30% of fresh water is in the ground. (Source: EPA)
5. 68.7% of the fresh water on Earth is trapped inside of glaciers, and another 1.7% is frozen and unusable. (Source: EPA)
6. There is more fresh water in the atmosphere than in all of the rivers on the planet combined. (Source: EPA)
7. A ten meter rise in sea levels due to melting glaciers would flood 25% of the population of the United States. (Source: Reader’s Digest)
8. American residents use about 100 gallons of water per day, the majority of which comes from flushing the toilet; way more than showering or any other activity. (Source: Florida’s Water Environmental Association Study)
9. That sounds like a lot of water usage per day, but even at that rate, it would take six and a half years for the average American residence to use the amount of water required to fill an Olympic-sized swimming pool (660,000 gallons). (Source: EPA)
10. It would take seven and a half years for the average American residence to use the same amount of water that flows over the Niagara Falls in one second (750,000 gallons). (Source: EPA)
11. At 50 gallons per day, residential Europeans use about half of the water that residential Americans use. (Source: World Water Council)
12. The New York City water supply system leaks 36 million gallons per day. (Source: New York Times)
13. If you drink your daily recommended 8 glasses of water per day from the tap, it will cost you about 50 cents per year. If you choose to drink it from water bottles, it can cost you up to $1,400 dollars. (Source: New York Times)
14. More than 25% of bottled water comes from a municipal water supply, the same place that tap water comes from. (Source: Florida’s Water Environmental Association Study)
15. There are approximately one million miles of water pipeline and aqueducts in the United States and Canada, enough to circle Earth 40 times. (Source: Florida’s Water Environmental Association Study)
16. The first water pipes in the US were made from wood (bored logs that were charred with fire). (Source: EPA)
17. It takes more than ten gallons of water to produce one slice of bread. (Source: Water Footprint Network)
18. It takes more water to manufacture a new car (39,090 gallons) than to fill an above ground swimming pool. (Source: EPA)
19. 1000 gallons of water are required to produce 1 gallon of milk. (Source: Water Footprint Network)
20. Frozen water is 9% lighter than water, which is why ice floats on water. (Source: All About Water)
21. The earth is a closed system, similar to a terrarium, meaning that it rarely loses or gains extra matter. The same water that existed on the earth 2 billion years ago is still present today. (Source: All About Water & The Water Initiative)
So there you have it. 21 interesting facts about water. How did I do? Did you know some of these already?
Maybe it’s because we deal with and talk about water every day, but to me, water is fascinating. Water can be deadly and water can be life-saving. You can clean yourself with it, drink it, swim under it, float on top of it, and pee in it. Water is the only substance found on the earth naturally in three forms: solid, liquid and gas. It can flood and ruin a home, or it can be used to extinguish a fire to save a home.
Hopefully you found these facts to be interesting and if you have any facts to add to this list, we’d love to hear from you!